U.S. 49 CFR §§ 580
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
Tenn. Code Ann. Section 39-14-132
DESCRIPTION AND DEFINITIONS:
- “Truth in Mileage Act” or TIMA
- The first “Odometer” statute was passed by Congress in 1972, known as the Truth in Mileage Act or TIMA. It was amended in 1986, when the process became mandatory. It is the 1986 Act we associate with odometers since the amended act changed the way dealers, customers and states process a transfer of ownership.
- “Conforming Title” means a certificate of title which “conforms” to the exact language and requirements of TIMA, where the odometer disclosure has been accurately acknowledged.
- “Mileage” means the actual distance that a vehicle has traveled. NHTSA very clearly
indicated that there is a difference between “mileage” and “odometer reading”.
- NHTSA was clear to stipulate that “mileage” is not associated with any vehicle component, such as an engine or transmission. As an example, a 200,000 mile car that receives an engine with only 79,000 miles of use cannot have a new title issued to reflect the engine’s lower mileage.
- Under this definition, NHTSA also made it perfectly clear that it is permissible to change an odometer from kilometers to miles, or vice versa, and continue to have an “Actual” mile brand on a title; provided however, that the odometer disclosure in miles is based on the mathematical formula to convert from kilometers to miles. That responsibility lies on the party making the odometer disclosure.
- “Transferee” (Buyer) means any person to whom the ownership in a motor vehicle is transferred, or any person who, as agent, accepts transfer of ownership in a vehicle for another, by purchase, gift of any means other than by creation of a security interest.
- “Transferor” (Seller or Dealer) means any person who transfers his ownership, or any person who, as agent, transfers the ownership of another, in a motor vehicle by sale, gift of any means other than by creation of a security interest.
- TIMA and subsequent regulations issued by NHTSA require the odometer reading of any motor vehicle with a manufacture year less than ten (10) years, to be accurately disclosed on the title or transfer document. This is known as “Odometer disclosure” and is acknowledged by the signatures of both the buyer and seller at the time of transfer. The seller ‘discloses’ this information on the title and certifies it is correct to the best of their knowledge. The buyer acknowledges what the seller has certified. This disclosure may also be made on an “Odometer Disclosure Statement”
- Note: If a vehicle is being transferred from a dealership to another dealership, it is not necessary to certify odometer until the dealership sells that vehicle to a customer.
- An odometer brand explains the circumstances that support the odometer disclosure. The brands are defined by NHTSA regulations as:
- Actual: the mileage as stated is the Actual Mileage, there are no discrepancies.
- In Excess of Mechanical Limits: Due to limited digits on a vehicle’s odometer, the actual mileage is impossible to determine by ‘sight’. Example: a vehicle with a 5-digit odometer could not accurately identify mileage over 99,999 miles. If the odometer has ‘turned’ there is no way to determine how many times it has turned. This is becoming almost non-existent in that vehicles now routinely have 6-digit odometers, allowing up to 999,999 miles before turning.
- Not Actual Mileage: WARNING – An Odometer Discrepancy must be completed, or titling transactions will be delayed.
- Exempt: As defined by NHTSA, “a transferor of any of the following motor vehicles need not disclose the vehicle’s odometer mileage under the following circumstances:
- Vehicle having a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating of more than 16,000 lbs
- Vehicle that is not self-propelled
- Vehicle that is 10 years old or older
- Vehicle sold directly by the manufacturer to any agency of the United States in conformity with contractual specifications
- New vehicle prior to its first transfer for purposes other than resale
- While “correcting a mistake” was not outlined by NHTSA when publishing the various
regulations enacted in TIMA, Tennessee allows for odometer disclosure errors to be
“corrected” by using one or more “Odometer Discrepancy Certification” forms.
- Since the “giving and receiving” of an odometer disclosure is required of both the buyer and seller in each transfer of ownership, we require the same during the process to correct an odometer disclosure that was made in error.
- The Odometer Discrepancy form must be signed by the person who made the original mistake. Signing the discrepancy certificate by power of attorney (POA) is not allowed, unless the original POA signing the Odometer Discrepancy Certification is the original party who made the mistake. Each party involved in each subsequent transfer of ownership must also sign an Odometer Discrepancy form acknowledging the corrected odometer disclosure.
- Obtaining a new certificate of title for each disclosure is not necessary.
- The completed odometer discrepancy forms will support the “corrected title”.
- Only Authorized State Personnel are allowed to change an odometer reading or brand
Odometer Fraud: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
CODES - ODOMETER BRANDS:
ACTUAL MILEAGE= 0
A BRAND WILL NOT PRINT ON THE TITLE= 1
NOT ACTUAL MILEAGE= 8
EXCEEDS MECHANICAL LIMITS= 9